What is a mutual fund calculator?
A mutual fund calculator is a web-based tool that helps investors estimate their returns and the future value of an investment based on a certain investment strategy. A mutual fund calculator in India can assist mutual fund investors who should ideally have a goal-oriented approach to their investments, by showing them how close they’ll get to their goals based on the planned amount of investment, time horizon, and rate of return.
How does it work?
A mutual fund calculator helps you in finding out the return on your mutual fund investments. It can work for both investment methods: SIP and lump sum. So, how does it work?
It works on a simple algorithm, where you just have to provide some information, and it will show you your return in a few seconds.
To find out the return using the calculator, you need to enter three variables: your investment amount (SIP or lumpsum), investment period, and investment strategy.
For investment strategy, you have 4 options to choose from- Aggressive (Expected return 12%), conservative (Expected return 6%), balanced (Expected return 8%), and customized. Under the customized option, you can enter your own expected rate of return.
After entering all these variables, the mutual fund return calculator displays the estimated future value of your investments, along with the breakdown of the total amount invested and the gains.
How to use it?
You need to follow the following steps to use a mutual fund calculator:
- Step 1: Choose your investment method. You can invest in mutual funds either as a lump sum or as a systematic investment plan (SIP). A lump sum is a one-time investment, while a SIP is a regular investment of a fixed amount every month or quarter. Select the option that suits your requirements.
- Step 2: Enter the investment amount. Depending on your investment method, enter the amount you want to invest as a lump sum or as a monthly contribution for SIP. This is the principal amount that you will start with or keep adding to your mutual fund portfolio.
- Step 3: Enter the holding period. This is the number of years you want to stay invested in the mutual fund scheme. The longer you hold your investment, the more you can benefit from the power of compounding and market fluctuations.
- Step 4: Enter the expected rate of return. This is the annual percentage return that you expect to earn from your mutual fund investment. You can either enter a custom rate based on your research or select a predefined rate based on your risk profile and investment strategy. For example, aggressive strategies typically have higher rates of return than conservative strategies, but they also have higher risks.
- Step 5: The mutual fund calculator will show you the future value of your investment, the total gains, and the growth chart over different time frames. You can also see some of the best mutual fund schemes that match your investment strategy and goals. You can invest in them online with just a few clicks.
SIP and Lumpsum Calculator
The Formula Used for a Mutual Fund Calculator
You can use the mutual fund returns calculator to find out how much your mutual fund investment will grow over time. The calculator works for both lump sum and SIP investments. However, the formulas for calculating returns are different for each mode of investment. Here are the formulas:
For lump sum investment
M = P x (1+R)^n
M = Maturity amount
P = Principal amount
R = Estimated rate of return
n = Holding period (in years)
For SIP investment
M = A [ (1 + i)n – 1] x (1 + i)/i
M = Maturity amount
A = SIP contribution per period
i = Rate of return
n = Holding period (in months)
Adjust i and n for daily/weekly SIPs.
The formula for lump sum investment uses CAGR (compound annual growth rate), which measures the average annual return for a single investment. The formula for SIP investment uses XIRR (Extended internal rate of return), which measures the overall return for multiple cash flows.
Another factor that affects your returns is the expense ratio, which is the fee charged by the fund house for managing your money. If you invest through a regular plan, you will pay a higher expense ratio as it includes the commission paid to the intermediary (broker, advisor, or distributor). If you invest through a direct plan, you will pay a lower expense ratio as no intermediary is involved. This means that direct plans will give you higher returns than regular plans.
How does it help you?
When you invest in mutual funds, you need to know how to measure your returns. There are different types of returns, such as absolute return, annualized return, total return, trailing return, point-to-point return, and rolling return.
To make it easy for you, you can use a mutual fund return calculator online. This can help you in many ways:
- It can show you the estimated returns for 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year investment periods.
- It can help you plan your future finances based on the expected returns.
- It is user-friendly and simple to use. You don’t need any expert knowledge to use this calculator.
Advantages of mutual fund calculator
- You can compare the performance of different mutual fund schemes and choose the best one for your goals.
- You can estimate the future value of your investment based on the expected rate of return and the holding period.
- It helps in tracking the growth of your investment over time and monitoring the effect of market fluctuations.
- You can also adjust your investment amount, frequency, and duration to achieve your desired returns.
- Helps plan your tax liability and optimize your tax savings by choosing the right mutual fund category.
In conclusion, a mutual fund calculator is a valuable tool for investors seeking to make informed financial decisions. By offering a glimpse into potential investment growth and aiding in goal setting, this calculator empowers you to plan effectively for your financial future.
FAQs about Mutual Fund Calculator
1. What inputs are typically required for using a mutual fund calculator?
Ans. Common inputs include the initial investment amount, expected rate of return, investment duration, and additional contributions made over time.
2. Is a mutual fund calculator accurate in predicting returns?
Ans. While a mutual fund calculator provides estimates based on the inputs provided, actual returns may vary due to market fluctuations and other unforeseen factors.
3. Can I use a mutual fund calculator for various types of mutual funds?
Ans. Yes, a mutual fund calculator can typically be used for different types of mutual funds, including equity, debt, hybrid, or any other fund types based on their specific characteristics.
4. Is a mutual fund calculator available online for free?
Ans. Yes, many financial websites and investment platforms offer free mutual fund calculators that can be accessed online.
5. Can I use a mutual fund calculator for retirement planning?
Ans. Yes, many investors use mutual fund calculators for retirement planning to estimate potential savings and returns over a specified period to achieve their retirement goals.
6. How frequently can I update the inputs in a mutual fund calculator?
Ans. Most mutual fund calculators allow users to update inputs at any time, enabling them to make adjustments as their financial situation or investment goals change.